DEFINITION

Hypospadias, in the boys may be defined classically as an association of three anatomic and developmental anomalies of the penis

  1. Abnormal position of urethral meatus on the ventral penile shaft or
    ill-placed urethral opening, on the under surface of the penis.
  2. An abnormal distribution of foreskin / hooded foreskin and
  3. Curvature / chordee of penis.

The 2nd and 3rd characteristics may not necessarily be present. In contrast, the first feature is an unconditional part of the definition. Structures affected in varying degrees are the anterior urethral portion, the glans, the prepuce, and the corpus spongiosum and corpora cavernosa. More than 400 surgical techniques have been published.

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