Hernia repair

A hydrocele testis (Br English: hydrocoele) denotes a pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a testicle. Provided there is no hernia present, hydrocoeles below the age of 1 year usually resolve spontaneously. Primary hydrocoeles may develop in adulthood, particularly in the elderly and in hot countries, by slow accumulation of serous fluid, presumably caused by impaired reabsorption, which appears to be the explanation for most primary hydroceles, although the reason remains obscure.=> Infantile hydroceles=> Congenital hydroceles=> Encysted hydrocele of the cord INGUINAL HERNIA.
Inguinal hernia is the most common surgical problem in hernia in kids. It results from a small sac that comes through the inguinal ring that is normally open during fetal life and closes around the time of birth. It does not close in some infants. This sac then makes a pathway for abdominal organs to come through the inguinal ring into the groin. In boys, the organ is usually a loop of bowel and, in girls, it may be bowel or an ovary. In boys and girls, the hernia first appears as a bulge in the groin, and may appear and disappear, or may be present all the time. It will usually “pop out” when the child cries or strains. If only fluid comes through the inguinal ring into the sac, the problem is called a hydrocele.
Treatment: Only treatment is operation under anesthesia. It is a day care procedure.An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the naval is damaged. It may cause the navel to bulge outwards.
— The bulge consisting of abdominal fat from the greater omentum or occasionally parts of the small intestine. The bulge can often be pressed back through the hole in the abdominal wall, and may “pop out” when coughing.

Treatment is surgical, and surgery may performed for both cosmetic as well as health-related reasons.

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